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Chemical properties are any of the properties of matter that may only be observed and measured by performing a chemical change or chemical reaction. Chemical properties cannot be determined by touching or viewing a sample; the structure of the sample must be altered for the chemical properties to become apparent.
Examples of Chemical Properties
Here are some examples of chemical properties.
- Reactivity with other chemicals
- Coordination number
- Enthalpy of formation
- Heat of combustion
- Oxidation states
- Chemical stability
- Types of chemical bonds that will form
- More examples
Uses of Chemical Properties
Scientists use chemical properties to predict whether a sample will participate in a chemical reaction. Chemical properties may be used to classify compounds and find applications for them.
Understanding a material's chemical properties helps in its purification, separation from other chemicals or in identification in an unknown sample.
Chemical Properties Versus Physical Properties
While a chemical property is only revealed by the behavior of a substance in a chemical reaction, a physical property may be observed and measured without changing the composition of a sample. Physical properties include color, pressure, length, and concentration.