Saint Francis University

Saint Francis University

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Saint Francis University was founded in 1847, in Loretto, Pennsylvania. The nickname of the oldest Franciscan institution of higher learning is the Red Flash.The university is located on 600 acres in rural central Pennsylvania, just west of Altoona. The university offers higher education in an environment guided by Catholic values and teachings.Saint Francis was established as a boys' academy by the Franciscan friars from Ireland, in the mountain hamlet of Loretto, in 1847. Saint Francis University was recognized by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and was given the authority to grant educational degrees.During the 1950s and 1960s, after World War II, an extensive building program was begun. In 1976, the Southern Alleghenies Museum of Art was started in the former gymnasium, Doyle Hall.Today, the university campus comprises residence halls, classrooms and administrative buildings, athletics center, dining hall, library, a chapel and a number of other buildings.The liberal arts institution is committed to providing the knowledge, culture, and values of the past, as vital factors in facing the realities of life in the 21st century.SFU is ranked as one of the first Catholic universities, the first Franciscan college, and the first co-educational Catholic university in the United States.The university offers undergraduate and graduate programs in various disciplines. These programs include the liberal arts tradition, graduate and professional programs of study that emphasize personal and professional ethics, and continuing education opportunities for personal and career enhancement.Saint Francis University is a member of the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and a member of the Northeast Conference. The university is governed by a Board of Trustees comprised of community leaders and Franciscan friars.The Charles M. Schwab Estate and Gardens, Lake Saint Francis, and Immergrun Golf Course are near Saint Francis University, which makes it an exceptional environment for living and learning.

St. Francis of Assisi

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St. Francis of Assisi, Italian San Francesco d’Assisi, baptized Giovanni, renamed Francesco, in full Francesco di Pietro di Bernardone, (born 1181/82, Assisi, duchy of Spoleto [Italy]—died October 3, 1226, Assisi canonized July 16, 1228 feast day October 4), founder of the Franciscan orders of the Friars Minor (Ordo Fratrum Minorum), the women’s Order of St. Clare (the Poor Clares), and the lay Third Order. He was also a leader of the movement of evangelical poverty in the early 13th century. His evangelical zeal, consecration to poverty, charity, and personal charisma drew thousands of followers. Francis’s devotion to the human Jesus and his desire to follow Jesus’ example reflected and reinforced important developments in medieval spirituality. The Poverello (“Poor Little Man”) is one of the most venerated religious figures in Roman Catholic history, and he and St. Catherine of Siena are the patron saints of Italy. In 1979 Pope John Paul II recognized him as the patron saint of ecology.

Who is St. Francis of Assisi?

St. Francis of Assisi was an Italian friar who lived in Italy in the 13th century. He lived a life of ascetic poverty and was dedicated to Christian charity.

What was St. Francis of Assisi’s early life like?

St. Francis was born to a wealthy cloth merchant. In his twenties, he took part in a war and was held prisoner for nearly a year. Shortly thereafter he had several experiences that shaped his conversion, and he renounced his worldly goods and family ties to embrace a life of poverty.

What is St. Francis of Assisi famous for?

St. Francis is one of the most venerated religious figures in Roman Catholic history. He founded the Franciscan orders, including the Poor Clares and the lay Third Order. He and St. Catherine of Siena are the patron saints of Italy, and he is also the patron saint of ecology and of animals.


In 1946, the first Bishop of Steubenville, Anthony John King Mussio, invited the Franciscan Friars of the Third Order Regular to establish a Catholic college in the diocese to serve local students and especially World War II veterans. In June 1946, the friars accepted the offer, purchased the Knights of Pythias Building in downtown Steubenville, and invested $350,000 in establishing the College of Steubenville. [8] Enrollment grew, and more buildings were purchased, but the college was still cramped. The friars bought a 40-acre property overlooking the city, and accreditation was provided by the North Central Association of Colleges and Schools in 1960. [8]

The College of Steubenville was successful during the early years, under the tenures of presidents the Rev. Daniel W. Egan, the Rev. Kevin R. Keelan, and the Rev. Columba J. Devlin. By the end of Keelan's second term in 1974, the school was suffering from social upheaval and declining enrollment. [8] For some time, it looked like the college would close. The Rev. Michael Scanlan was chosen to fill the position of president. [9] Incorporating knowledge from his experience in starting a charismatic renewal movement at St. Francis Seminary, Scanlan worked to institute a similar renewal at Steubenville. He took over the Sunday liturgy on the campus, incorporating charismatic praise and worship and more passionate preaching into the Mass. He instituted households, small groups of men and women devoted to personal and communal growth, and required students to join one. Scanlan also created a renewal center on the campus, which organized retreats and seminars to further instruct students in the Roman Catholic faith. The center began holding religious conferences in the summers, one benefit of which was attracting many young people to the college. Scanlan often spoke at these conferences. [10]

Even with these changes, the college struggled to stay open. The first year after Scanlan instituted the changes, the incoming freshman class was the smallest in the College's history. [11] : 160 Five of the top administrators at the college left or were dismissed, and the remaining faculty expressed discontentment with Scanlan's leadership. [11] : 161 Despite this, Scanlan continued to make changes, especially to the curriculum. Scanlan reintroduced a theology program, which quickly became the top major at the college, and also oversaw the development of graduate programs in business and theology, which helped the college obtain the title of university in 1980. In addition, the nursing program rose to higher distinction. It was chartered by the state government of Ohio in 1984 and then received accreditation from the National League of Nursing in 1985. [11] : 169

Scanlan orchestrated many other changes at the university. He instituted an Oath of Fidelity to the Magisterium, which was required of the theology professors at the university. Under his guidance, the undergraduate theology program became the largest of any Catholic university in America. He also created the Human Life Studies minor, the only one of its kind in America. By 2000, Scanlan’s leadership and changes had helped the university to increase dramatically in size there were more than 2,100 students, nearly double the number in the early 1970s. [9] [ dead link ]

List of presidents and chancellors Edit

President Tenure Chancellor Tenure
Rev. Daniel W. Egan, TOR 1946–1959 none 1946–2000
Rev. Kevin R. Keelan, TOR 1959–1962
Rev. Columba J. Devlin, TOR 1962–1969
Rev. Kevin R. Keelan, TOR 1969–1974
Rev. Michael Scanlan, TOR 1974–2000
Rev. Terence Henry, TOR 2000–2013 Rev. Michael Scanlan, TOR 2000–2011
Rev. Sean O. Sheridan, TOR 2013–2019 Rev. Terence Henry, TOR 2013–present
Rev. David Pivonka, TOR 2019–present

The university offers 41 majors (seven pre-professional programs), 34 minors, 10 special minor programs (not available as majors), and seven graduate degree programs. [12] The university maintains a 15:1 student-faculty ratio. [13] Undergraduate students need a minimum of 124 credits for graduation. The number of electives varies with each major program. The university operates on the semester system. Three summer sessions also are available.

Rankings Edit

The university was ranked in the top tier in its category (Masters Colleges in the Midwest) in the 2011 U.S. News & World Report’s list of America’s Best Colleges. [14] In 2013, Young America's Foundation rated Franciscan as one of the top 10 conservative colleges in the nation, [15] three years after the Cardinal Newman Society ranked it as one of the 21 top Catholic colleges and universities in The Newman Guide to Choosing a Catholic College. [16] In 2014, Franciscan was featured for the first time in Forbes's college rankings, receiving a national ranking of 364 out of 4,500 colleges and universities. It placed 266th in private colleges and 87th among Midwest colleges and universities. [17]

Special programs Edit

Honors Program Edit

There is also an honors program in the Great Books of Western Civilization. [18] The Honors Program open to qualified undergraduate students of any major, but is by invitation only. [19]

Priestly Discernment Program Edit

The Priestly Discernment Program offers human, academic, spiritual, pastoral and fraternal formation for men considering the priesthood. [20]

Academic partnerships Edit

Engineering dual degree program Edit

In 2014, Franciscan University introduced a dual-degree undergraduate engineering program, partnering with the University of Notre Dame, Gannon University and University of Dayton to offer an array of different engineering disciplines. Through the dual-degree program, students matriculate into Franciscan's quantitative and liberal arts curriculum for the first two years of undergraduate study and are able to directly transfer into engineering programs at any of the partner schools for an additional two to three years. Upon culmination of the program, the student will obtain a Bachelor of Science or Bachelor of Arts from Franciscan University (contingent on the program and credits elected) and a Bachelor in Science from one of the partner schools. [21]

Franciscan University also offers a "2+2" program in which students can earn an Associate of Science degree in Natural and Applied Science from Franciscan before transferring to another school to complete a Bachelor of Science in Engineering. [22]

Doctor of Pharmacy dual degree program Edit

In 2016, Franciscan University announced an agreement with D'Youville College which created a 3+4 dual degree program between the two schools. [23] Under the current arrangement, undergraduate students may enroll at Franciscan to begin studies in chemistry or biology and, after three years, may transfer directly into a four-year Doctor of Pharmacy program at D'Youville College's School of Pharmacy. Upon completion of the seven year program, the graduate receives a Bachelor of Science degree from Franciscan and a Doctor of Pharmacy degree from D'Youville. [24]

In 2017, the university entered into a similar articulation agreement with Duquesne University, which grants Franciscan University students preferred admission in the Mylan School of Pharmacy upon completion of an Associate of Arts degree. [25] [26]

3+3 Dual degree law program Edit

The university maintains a partnership with a number of Catholic law schools which allows undergraduate students to complete three years of undergraduate study in Steubenville, then, pending LSAT scores and other admissions criteria, matriculate directly into a three year Juris Doctor program at either the Catholic University of America School of Law, University of St. Thomas School of Law, Ave Maria School of Law, or the Duquesne University School of Law. [27]

Canon Law, First Cycle Edit

In conjunction with the School of Canon Law at the Catholic University of America, Franciscan University offers a course of study which fulfills the requirements for the First Cycle of studies in Canon Law. Graduates of Franciscan University who complete this course of study are allow to directly to the Licentiate in Canon Law program at the Catholic University of America. [28]

Academic treatment of homosexuality Edit

In 2012 the Social Work curriculum included a course called SWK Deviant Behavior 314, which examined behaviors such as: murder, rape, robbery, prostitution, homosexuality, mental illness and drug use. Noting that the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) had removed homosexuality as an illness, two Franciscan graduates tried to get the course description changed. In a written statement to NPR, the school said, "Franciscan University follows Catholic Church teaching in regard to homosexuality and treats homosexual persons with 'respect, compassion, and sensitivity' . while holding homosexual acts as 'intrinsically disordered.' " In an interview with Inside Higher Ed, university vice president Daniel Kempton stated, "that principles of academic freedom apply to the course and that the view that homosexuality is deviant is a legitimate perspective for the course." [29]

The academic buildings on campus include Egan Hall, Stafford Hall, Saints Cosmas and Damian Hall, and the Saint Joseph Center.

Egan Hall houses classrooms, a theater, television and radio studios, special laboratories for the education and psychology departments, and computer workstations on each floor.

In the newly remodeled Stafford Hall, there are classrooms, offices, and a simulated clinic for nursing students.

Saints Cosmas and Damian Hall, the main science building, houses biology and chemistry laboratories, classrooms, the campus' largest lecture hall, and two computer science labs with advanced software for programming.

Starvaggi Hall is the main administrative building on campus housing Admissions, Financial Aid, Career Services, and the Registrar.

The St. John Paul II Library’s collection includes more than 230,000 books and bound periodicals, and more than 390 current periodicals. The OPAL Catalog and OhioLINK Network provide access to many research databases and more than 7 million books and journals. [30]

There are 13 residence buildings on campus: Saint Francis Hall, Trinity Hall, Marian Hall, Saint Thomas More Hall, Saint Louis Hall, Saint Elizabeth Hall, Kolbe Hall, Clare Hall, Padua Hall, Saint Bonaventure Hall, Vianney Hall, Saint Junipero Serra Hall, and Scotus Hall. Assisi Heights, a small neighborhood of apartments, is also available for upperclassman and graduate student housing.

Franciscan University of Steubenville has two soccer fields, a rugby field, a baseball field, and a field designated primarily for intramural sports. In 2007, the university purchased the golf course which borders the main campus from the city of Steubenville for future development. It is currently used by the cross country team for practice.

Christ the King Chapel is the center of the spiritual life of the campus. There are three Masses every weekday while classes are in session, four Masses on Sundays, vespers on Sunday evening, praise & worship every Tuesday, and confessions held at least four times per week. Weekday Masses are routinely standing room only, while Sunday Masses during the school year require extra chairs to be arranged in the foyer and the Eucharistic chapel.

The Portiuncula chapel, a replica of St. Francis' original chapel, sits on the edge of the main campus. It is home to perpetual adoration (at least two students volunteer to be present and adore the Blessed Sacrament during every hour of the week throughout the fall and spring semesters). Outside of this chapel are the Tomb of the Unborn Child, which contains the remains of seven aborted fetuses, a Creche, Stations of the Cross, and Marian Grotto. In 2009 the Vatican designated the Portiuncula as a place of pilgrimage where the faithful can obtain a plenary indulgence on five certain days through the year and under certain conditions of prayer and a detachment from sin. [31]

The J.C. Willams Center is the student center, which houses the Tom and Nina Gentile Gallery containing numerous works of art donated to the University.

The Finnegan Fieldhouse is home to a basketball court, two racquetball courts, a weight room, one room for aerobic classes, a cardiovascular room, and the campus health and counseling center, as well as classrooms.

At the far north end of campus is the Steel Cross. This cross, made of two steel I-beams, is 35 feet tall and visible from afar.

Since 1991, up to 180 students per semester study at the university’s program in Gaming, Austria. The campus is located in a renovated fourteenth-century Carthusian monastery, known as the Gaming Charterhouse, [32] in the foothills of the Austrian Alps. [33]

The old monastery serves as a hotel during summer months.

The Austrian Program features a four-day class schedule, Monday through Thursday, so students may spend extended time visiting religious, cultural, and historical sites throughout Europe. The program sponsors trips throughout Europe. [34]

In 2011 Franciscan University launched a summer mini program [35] in Austria. The session lasted from May 21 to June 30, 2011. [36]

Originally, campus life consisted of fraternities and sororities starting at Franciscans' founding in 1946. Under the leadership of Father Michael Scanlan, households (small groups of men and women devoted to personal and communal growth) were instituted and a once blossoming Greek life began to wilt, ending in 2016 when the final chapters, Theta Phi Alpha and Alpha Phi Delta were excluded from campus life. Though not recognized by the school, Alpha Phi Delta a nationally recognized fraternity, has remained active (as of 2019). [ citation needed ]

Instead, students are encouraged to join in faith households, groups of three or more students of the same sex, whose members study, recreate, and pray with one another. Typically, these student groups are attached to a particular dormitory on campus and are centered around particular devotions or charismatic gifts. As of March 2015, there were 24 men's households and 26 women's households. [37] [38] In 2014, Franciscan University celebrated 40 years of household life on campus. [39]

The campus is known for its liturgies, retreats, and spiritual talks. Most students make a weekly commitment to Eucharistic adoration in the Portiuncula chapel, and Masses are well-attended. Masses have standing room only, even on weekdays. [40]

There is a 28-member student government. [41]

Varsity Edit

The university sponsors 14 sports, six for men and eight for women. The athletics teams, nicknamed the Barons, compete in NCAA Division III as members of the Presidents' Athletic Conference (PAC) after completing a transition from the Allegheny Mountain Collegiate Conference in July 2020. [42] The Barons started their PAC transition by joining for men's and women's lacrosse in 2018–19. For 2019–20, Franciscan added women's golf, plus indoor and outdoor track & field for both men and women, to its PAC membership. Finally, the school became a full PAC member in 2020–21. [43]

The mascot of the university′s sports teams is Baron von Steuben, modeled after Prussian military officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben.

The men's rugby team is a member of the National Small College Rugby Organization and competes in the Three Rivers Rugby Conference. In 2001 Franciscan became the second college in the nation, of any division, to have a varsity rugby club. In July 2011, Franciscan signed a three-year sponsorship agreement with Adidas. [44]

Men's Edit

Women's Edit

Intramurals Edit

The university offers intramural sports throughout the academic year: flag football and volleyball are held during the fall semester, and basketball and ultimate Frisbee in the spring. A co-ed Sunday futsal soccer league runs through both semesters, and there are several one-day tournaments.

The University of St. Francis grew out of an earlier high school and Sisters’ Normal Institute (an institution created to train high school graduates to be teachers) by the Congregation of the Sisters of St Francis of Mary Immaculate established on August 2, 1865 by Mother Alfred Moes. By 1869, a boarding school for high school girls opened in Joliet called the St. Francis Academy. The Institute became a college: The Sisters’ Normal Institute of Higher Learning, in 1920.[1]

The institute became Assisi Junior College, a two-year junior college, in 1925. Mother M. Thomasine Frye, OSF served as first president with an enrollment of 12 students and 8 teachers. In 1930, the school was reorganized with a full college curriculum as the College of St. Francis with bachelor's degree granting authority. In 1935, the all-female college began an affiliation with the St. Joseph Hospital School of Nursing – to create the St. Francis College of Nursing.

During the Second World War, new programs in science and Spanish were added and in 1945 a student-run radio station, WCSF, was established on campus.

In 1962 Sr. Anita Marie Jochem, OSF, was named the college's fourth president and the last congregational Sister President. The college officially incorporated as its own institution, separate from the congregation, with its own charter and by-laws. The college became coeducational in 1971 and the next year saw the beginning of athletic programs.

The school became the University of St. Francis in 1998, the same year the school began offering online courses and degree programs. In 2000, the university received doctoral degree granting authority and by 2004 was organized in five colleges College of Arts & Sciences, College of Business & Health Administration, College of Education, College of Nursing and Health Professions, and College of Professional Studies.[2]

In 2013 Dr. Arvid Johnson became the university's ninth president and the university's first overseas graduate program was established with Brno University of Technology in the Czech Republic. The university's St. Bonaventure Campus opened in downtown Joliet with additional classrooms, offices, and a business incubator. In 2016, Guardian Angel Hall opened to students at St. Clare Campus, located at 1550 Plainfield Road (about one mile from the main campus) as the home to the USF Leach College of Nursing.

In 2018 new construction was completed on the LaVerne & Dorothy Brown Science Hall on the main campus. The university has begun planning for centennial celebrations in 2020.

The University also offers a Physician Assistant program at a second campus site in Albuquerque, New Mexico.

The university has a total enrollment of 4,166 (2018) and an undergraduate enrollment of 1,599. (Men: 34.6% Women: 65.4%)USF website Facts & Figures page

  • College of Arts and Sciences
  • College of Business and Health Administration
  • College of Education
  • Leach College of Nursing

The University of St. Francis is a member of the National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics (NAIA) and is part of the Chicagoland Collegiate Athletic Conference Southern Division.

1972- Elmer Bell becomes the first full-time athletic director and CSF starts its first athletic programs – baseball and men's basketball. Both teams employ the nickname “Falcons”.

1972- USF begins Men's Intercollegiate Athletics 1972- Nationally recognized USF Man's Marathon Running Team 1973- Men's cross-country becomes CSF's third athletic program. 1975- CSF becomes the “Fighting Saints.” 1976- Women's basketball, men's tennis, women's tennis and women's volleyball Intercollegiate Athletics Programs start. 1979- CSF adds men's golf and softball to its growing list of sports. 1982- CSF men's soccer and women's cross-country begin competition. 1986- A recreation center constructed for the athletic program and the men's football program created. Tower Hall deeded to CSF. 1987- Cheerleading added to the list of CSF sports. 1993- CSF's baseball team claims the school's first-ever NAIA National Championship. Head coach Gordie Gillespie becomes college baseball's all-time winningest coach. 1995- The USF athletic department adds women's soccer. 2000- Women's golf and women's track & field programs started. 2007- USF athletics adds men's track & field. 2012- Men's Cross Country wins NAIA National Championship. 2012- The recreation center is renamed the “Pat Sullivan Center” in recognition of Sullivan, a long-time basketball coach and athletic director. 2013- USF men and women's bowling begins competition. 2016- Competitive dance becomes USF's 22nd sport. 2017- USF women's bowling team wins the NAIA Invitational in its fourth season of competition. 2021- USF Men’s Bowling Team wins the NAIA Championship.


One of Canada’s oldest and most prestigious universities, St. Francis Xavier is consistently ranked the best undergraduate university in Canada.

The first university in Canada to have a formal Service Learning program, StFX values community development, social justice and global awareness. We are home to the internationally-recognized Coady International Institute, and students find leadership development opportunities here that they can apply in all aspects of their lives. Students who are committed to and embody these values thrive at StFX.

Our close-knit residence environment is at the heart of the StFX experience. Students live and learn together in a thriving academic environment. They have a wide variety of fascinating programs to choose from in the faculties of Arts, Science and Education, and within the Gerald Schwartz School of Business.

Our 45,000 worldwide alumni are a strong and engaged community, and provide a valuable network for graduating students.

At StFX, we’re excited about where we are, and where we’re headed. Today’s StFX is one of Canada’s very best universities known for our exceptional academic programs, focus on leadership development and commitment to social justice and community development.

But we also like to remember where we came from.

Founded in 1853, St. Francis Xavier has a long and proud tradition as one of Canada’s oldest universities. For almost 165 years, we have cultivated our strong and resilient spirit, dedication to intellectual rigour, and commitment to engaging students who aspire to be community-minded citizens of the world. Our motto Quaecumque Sunt Vera, or “Whatsoever Things are True” perfectly captures our values of integrity, dignity, truth, and respect for all.

Locally rooted globally minded

StFX attracts about half of its student population from outside the Atlantic region, which allows us to benefit from a community that reflects nearly every corner of the world. We also have alumni in 140 countries who strengthen and enrich the StFX experience.

Our beginnings

StFX was founded in 1853. During the first half of the 19th century, close to a million farmers, labourers and tradesmen came from the British Isles to the shores of Nova Scotia to seek a better life, joining the Acadians and Aboriginal peoples already settled here. Scottish Highlanders made up 67% of the StFX constituency, while Acadians, Irish, English and Aboriginal made up the rest. StFX offered the only university-level education in the region at that time and, partnered with the Roman Catholic diocese, maintained strict academic standards in order to provide the best education possible.

Fun fact

StFX got its name from a German priest named John Schulte who was sent to Canada to be the first Principal. The priest had never been to North America and so considered Nova Scotia a missionary area. Since St. Francis Xavier was patron saint of the missions, it seemed appropriate the new college should be named in his honour.


St. Francis Health is a not-for-profit Catholic health care provider and is part of a larger health care system called SCL Health. St. Francis Health embodies a diverse and caring community dedicated to improving the health and welfare of others. St. Francis employees have provided innovative, inspired service for more than a century. We care for thousands of patients and their families with the same spirit and resolve demonstrated by the resourceful sisters who opened the facility on Oct. 17, 1909.

Recognizing the need to serve the medically needy, a band of sisters led by Sister Xavier Ross arrived in Leavenworth, Kansas, in 1858 to pioneer a health care ministry.

In 1908, the Topeka Commercial Club donated land to the Sisters of Charity to build a hospital. Sister Mary Germaine Kramer and Mother Mary Peter Dwyer raised $40,000 in donations so construction could begin.

St. Francis Health Center opened on Oct. 17, 1909, with 40 beds. Assembling scraps of fabric and fashioning them into colorful quilts for patients was one of the first aspects of business the Sisters of Charity of Leavenworth pursued. Ever mindful of the cost of things, they were prudent in their approaches to ensure that whatever resources they had available could be stretched to accommodate the needs of everyone who sought assistance for their ailments.

Today, the hospital has 378 licensed beds, a medical staff representing nearly all specialties, adult and youth volunteers and a thriving auxiliary. Skillfully integrating technology with tenderness, St. Francis and its employees have fostered a premier regional hospital featuring the newest medical innovations and state-of-the-art equipment.

St. Francis was the first in the area to purchase an X-ray machine, establish an intensive care unit, install diagnostic ultrasound equipment, conduct a heart transplant, use bedside computers to provide point of service documentation and purchase a Positron Emission Tomography (PET) scanner. The hospital is also one of only two non-Veterans Administration hospitals in Kansas to bar code pharmaceuticals to prevent medication errors for patient safety and peace of mind.

The healing touch of St. Francis extends beyond the walls of the hospital to include programs focused on preventive medicine, such as the Breast Center and its Spirit of Women health improvement events and programs. St. Francis helps the working poor and the uninsured secure the treatment they need, from immunizations and routine teeth cleaning to surgical procedures and crown and denture work.


Empirical research is based on observed and measured phenomena and derives knowledge from actual experience rather than from theory or belief.

Key characteristics to look for:

  • Statement about the methodology being used
  • Research questions to be answered
  • Definition of the group or phenomena being studied
  • Process used to study this group or phenomena, including any
  • controls or instruments such as tests or surveys
  • Ask yourself: Could I recreate this study and test these results?
  • Read the abstract of the article for a description of the methodology

How do I find empirical research on my topic?
Empirical research is published in books and scholarly, peer-reviewed journals. The Library has several databases you can use to locate peer-reviewed articles from scholarly journals.

Some databases allow you to limit your search by methodology. Or, try adding the keywords &ldquoempirical research&rdquo or just &ldquoempirical.&rdquo

Databases for empirical research:

  • Add the descriptor term Empirical Methods to your search
  • Choose &ldquodescriptor DE&rdquo from drop-down menu

Adapted from Empirical Research Tutorial from Mississippi State University

Franciscan High School

On May 1, 1939, ground was broken for the new high school, and on Nov. 15, the College Séraphique opened its doors with 14 ninth graders. The cost of attending was $200 a year, which included "board, room, tuition, books, sports equipment, and transportation to and from the railroad station."

The first class of 14 boys studied a strictly liberal arts curriculum. It included religion, French, Latin, English, algebra, general science, physics, music and chant. Four years later, in the 12th grade, they studied apologetics, Latin, French, English, history and trigonometry.

The College Séraphique continued to grow. By 1945-46, the first year with students enrolled in all six classes, the total student population was 88. By graduation 1950, the enrollment had risen to 115 in the high school and 20 in the junior college.


In the StFX History Department, you can count on distinguished historians to offer you excellence in teaching and historical scholarship. The department offers fascinating courses on themes such as war, empire, myth and memory, religion, gender, sexuality and race. Taking courses in history will prepare you to be an engaged and informed citizen and provide you with a variety of marketable skills for today’s job market - from analytic thinking to communication and research expertise.

Why study History at StFX?

With small class sizes, a broad course selection, and a team of committed academics, you can apply what you learn to your lives and the lives of those around you. In a place where history itself is part of the academic experience, StFX is an ideal atmosphere in which to explore the past and its relevance to the present and future.

First Year History:

In the first year, you may select from a variety of introductory courses, choosing to study either the history of Western Civilization, tracing the origins of European culture from the ancient Greeks to the 20th century or Global History, exploring relations between world cultures and peoples through various lenses. These introductions lead to advanced national and thematic studies.

Rewarding careers in History:

Studying history prepares you for careers in which research, writing, and critical thinking skills are highly valued. StFX history grads have excelled in law, journalism, publishing, teaching, heritage conservation, museums and archives, management and policy, business, public service, consulting and library and information administration.

Flexible degree choices:

As a history student, you may pursue a major, advanced major, or honours degree with a subsidiary subject.

CONTENT: List of periodicals, providing the dates of coverage owned and a link to tools that allow the user to search the content of the journal.

RESOURCE TYPES: List of journals.

COVERAGE: Search by title or ISSN. Browse by title in the A-Z list or by subject. Search for keywords in e-journals. Additional information is available on the Journal Finder Help Guide page.

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RESOURCE TYPES: Scholarly journals and monographs.

COVERAGE: Over 1,000 scholarly journals and other scholarly content, from the earliest issues (many in the late 1800s) to within 3-5 years of current publication. Collections: Arts & Sciences I Collection, Arts & Sciences II Collection, Arts & Sciences III Collection, Arts & Sciences VII Collection, Nineteenth-Century Literature and The William and Mary Quarterly.

CONTENT: Citations, abstracts, and full-text articles from thousands of news magazines, professional journals, leading newspapers, and popular publications. Subject specific database portions include: business, education, humanities, interdisciplinary, medical, news, psychology, biology, science, social science, and technology and more.

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COVERAGE: Covers over 13,000 periodicals/publications, divided by subject areas/databases to allow focus of searching. Dates differ for every periodical, most cover the current three years.

CONTENT: Browse journal titles from A-Z, by discipline or conduct a topic search in the fields of: Health Sciences, Life and Biomedical Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering, and Social Science and Humanities.

A Franciscan Tradition

Alvernia’s Franciscan heritage includes a rigorous intellectual tradition that recognizes and values the importance of diversity of thought, faiths and cultures. We challenge our students to shape the world and transform it as working professionals, concerned citizens and caring community members, consistent with the principles and teachings of Saint Francis of Assisi.

The Bernardine Franciscan Sisters, who founded Alvernia in 1958, are members of the Third Order Regular of St. Francis. The Third Order was a spontaneous lay movement influenced by St. Francis and the early brothers as they worked and preached in cities and towns of Italy and across Europe, encouraging people to live the gospel and embrace a life of conversion in their own homes. Some people eventually decided to live a common life under the Rule of the Third Order of St. Francis, and the Bernardine Franciscan Sisters are one of many religious congregations sharing this Third Order charism.

As one of only 22 Franciscan institutions in the country, our identity is based on life-changing ideals that stress unconditional love for all people, compassion, humility, and forgiveness through an understanding of the gospels of Jesus Christ.

Our Franciscan mission influences all that we do – our curriculum and culture, what we teach and how we teach it. This creates a learning environment that encourages students to develop their individual gifts so as to transform themselves and the world around them. Core to our mission and intellectual tradition as Franciscans is the belief in the sanctity of creation and the protection of human rights through active participation in the economic, political, legal and social policy dialogue that affects human dignity.

Service, humility, peacemaking, contemplation, and collegiality are the core values of Alvernia. These basic values are intended to inform a way of life, a view of the world, and a definition of men’s and women’s relationships to their Creator that is more relevant today than ever before.

Watch the video: New Student Check-In 2020 (February 2023).

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