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Alexander City, a community nestled in the heart of east central Alabama, has a rich and varied history. Captain Thomas Welch, a trader, explored the Okfuskee Trail through present day TallapoosaCounty in 1698. The English afterwards established trading stations near Flint Hill, Young's Ferry and Kowaliga. government control of Tallapoosa County in 1814 whenAndrew Jackson defeated the Creek Indians. Horseshoe Bend National Military Park came into existence in 1956.In 1837, James Young acquired 320 acres including a large portion of present day Alexander City. Anticipating that the Savannah and Memphis Railway would soon arrive, the town was renamed in 1873 in honor of the railroad's president, Edward P. A revival on Herzfeld Hill resulted in the start of two of the community's earliest churches, First Baptist and First United Methodist.In 1889, B.L. Dean, the city mayor, encouraged the movement to build a courthouse in Alexander City, paid for entirely by public subscription.In 1900, the first cotton mill started its operation in the city. The fire in 1902 destroyed the entire downtown district, with losses totaling $400,000.Martin Dam was completed in 1926. The city is served by Russell Medical Center.